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Section 8 Company is named Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013, which pertains to a established 'for promoting commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of environment or any such other object', provided the profits, if any, or other income is applied for promoting only the objects of the company and no dividend is paid to its members. Therefore, Section 8 Company or Section 25 Company is a company registered under the Companies Act, 2013 for charitable or not-for-profit purposes.
A Section 8 Company is similar to a Trust or Society; expect, a section 8 Company is registered under the Central Government's Ministry of Corporate Affairs. Trusts and Societies are registered under State Government regulations. A section 8 company has various advantages when compared to Trust or Society like improved recognition and better legal standing. Section 8 company also has higher credibility amongst donors, Government departments and other stakeholders.
Section 8 Companies can be registered with names that contain words like Association, Foundation, Society, Council, Club, Charities, Institute, Academy, Organisation, Federation, Chamber of Commerce, Development and more.
Trusts are managed by Trustees as per a Trust Deed. Section 8 Company does not have the concept of Trustees. Hence, Section 8 Companies are managed by the Board of Directors based on the MOA and AOA of the Section 8 Company.
Like a private limited company, a Section 8 Company will also have revenue, expenses, profits and losses. However, in a Section 8 Company the profits can be used only for the charitable or not-for-profit purposes mentioned in the MOA.
The management of a Section 8 Company can be easily transferred from one person to another by altering the changing the composition of Board of Directors. Section 8 Company can also be controlled by shareholders.